What is the impact of an aircraft pass-by?

It is all about noise. Health impacts are mainly focusing on the night-time (sleep disturbance), Visual aspect is not recognised as annoying as such.

Noise is a combination of aircraft type and engine configuration (same types of aircraft can be equipped with different engines).

Noise is a wave, so no displacement of air, just a pressure wave.

Ornaments and vibrating windows are related to the interactions between the sound wave and the object it falls on.

If the frequency of the sound matches the natural frequency of the object, then it starts to vibrate.

You can compare it with pushing a swing, if you push in the matching frequency, the swing will gain amplitude, that’s the vibrating window.

Vibrating things start to emit sound by themselves and is called ‘secondary sound’.